Psychokinesis can be defined as the ability of using mind over matter without any physical intervention. The term psychokinesis (from the Greek words ψυχή (psyche), meaning “mind”, and κίνησις (kinesis), meaning “motion”) was coined in 1914 by American author Henry Holt in his book On the Cosmic Relations. Psychokinesis is sometimes abbreviated as “PK”. The study of Psychokinesis is a part of parapsychology.
Psychokinesis, also known as PK, PK phenomena or Psi, was the term originally coined in 19th century parapsychology for a purportedly psychic ability to influence physical processes and objects with the mind.
Psychokinesis refers to, influence of mental forces upon a physical system that would not otherwise be subject to ordinary physical causation.
The term PK has been given to the apparent ability of human operators to use conscious intention so as to influence physical systems at the macro-scale (which are detected by the eye) or micro-scale (which are detected with the advanced equipment and the effects apparent only with deeper statistical analysis).
Types of Psychokinesis:
Macro Pѕусhоkіnеѕіѕ is a ѕkіll that influence physical rеаlіtу іn vіѕіblе way. It’s аll аbоut mоvіng objects, or controlling ѕmоkе or fire ѕо еvеrуоnе саn ѕее іt with nаkеd еуе. Thаt “mасrо” wоrd is еvеrуthіng уоu nееd tо understand this type of рѕусhоkіnеѕіѕ – іt’ѕ аbоut moving bіg thіngѕ, оr moving thіngѕ іn vіѕіblе wау.
Fіnаllу thеrе’ѕ Micro Psychokinesis. It’ѕ a fоrm оf рѕусhоkіnеѕіѕ that deals with influencing random events – for еxаmрlе, outcome оf a dісе оr playing саrdѕ. Thаt’ѕ something you саn’t ѕее with уоur еуеѕ, but саn be discovered with рrореr math.
Psychokinesis Vs Telekinesis : What Is The Difference?
Many types and applications of Psychokinesis are present, but the most widely used application is “Telekinesis“, also abbreviated as “TK”. Telekinesis comes under Macro-Psychokinesis.
According to “The Oxford Dictionary of Psychology”, Psychokinesis is defined as “movement or change of objects by mental process”, whereas Telekinesis is described just as a “movement”.
Normally, Telekinesis is considered as a power over solid objects, whereas psychokinesis is the psychic power over matter.
Many people claimed to have Psychokinetic ability, but there is no conclusive evidence that it is real. Some of the abilities involve moving or levitating physical objects, bending spoons, etc. Some people even claim stopping watches with their thoughts.
It was observed that there are three ways in which people became psychic or psychokinetic :
- either by a head injury or some emotional / physical trauma
- an inheritance from an ancestor genetically, in one’s family
- or by study and practice consistently.
It is believed that psychokinesis can be achieved if the person performing it has pre-belief that he can do it. But, it is never proved when experimenting the persons continuously, who claim to have PK ability. PK experiments were historically criticized for lack of continuous success and proper demonstration. The advocates of psychic phenomena suggests that we have these powers ingrained with natural instincts, but they became dormant and unused because of our modern lifestyles.
Psychokinesis: Research & Experiments
Pioneer psi researcher J. B. Rhine abandoned case studies and investigations of PK, as a means of obtaining scientific proof only after he exposed several people as frauds.
However, after many years when he and his colleagues focused entirely on ESP, his interest on psychokinesis reawakened when a gambler visited the laboratory at Duke University in 1934 and claimed he could influence dice to roll in his favor. This inspired Rhine to conduct various experiments and was startled to find early test results in favor of the gambler, but success declined as the tests went on.
Rhine concluded this is due to disinterest that might be shown in subsequent tests which leads to failure in PK. Rhine discovered that the success rate would improve if the subject was in relaxed and comfortable state. The success would be declined if the person was bored, scared or disliked the experiment.
Rhine also concluded that PK was similar to ESP and both were independent of space and time. ESP was a necessary part of PK and it has to come in to play at right moment of time. Rhine has conducted various tests and collected data until 1943 and had published a book “The Reach of the Mind” in 1947 mentioning all his views and research.
One of the most controversial claims is that of psychokinetic metal bending (PKMB)—the ability to deform metallic objects, such as keys and spoons, by thought alone. In a typical PKMB demonstration, a metal object appears to bend whilst being gently held by an alleged psychic. Many Skeptics and Magicians argued that the results are due to trickery.
In another experiment, the object was placed on the table by the alleged psychic, and obtained the same result of deforming the object but slowly. This resulted in the argument by the believers who say that the object was not in contact with the alleged psychic but the result was performed. In contrast, skeptics and magicians argued that such effects could be created by only verbal suggestion by the psychic person.
Many experiments like these were performed and they were not proved in either way.
In 1970, Uri Geller, the Israeli psychic, was famous for his spoon bending abilities, allegedly by PK. He influenced through TV shows in such a manner, that everyone who watched his shows claimed to experience bending of household objects. He claims his psychokinesis powers even now. Most magicians claimed that he had used sleight of hand ( a hand technique used by magicians to manipulate the result), but those claims went unproven.
Another research on psychokinesis which was conducted in Russia with a psychic Nina Kulagina, demonstrated that a skeptic’s mere presence during the experiments, does have an effect on the psychic abilities to function properly. This means, the more skeptics surrounding the psychic subject, the more difficult it is for the person to prove his or her abilities.
It is stated that Psychokinesis power does occur if certain conditions and patterns meet. But, it is observed that certain patterns do not occur in each and every circumstance and due to which people fail in performing PK.
Moreover Psychokinesis phenomenon deals with overcoming the power of gravity which according to physics, is not possible. But, many people witnessed the PK effect, which makes it possible to believe.
A Gallup Poll of 1236 adults in June 1990, in which three choices were given: believe, not sure, or do not believe, found that 17% believe in the ability of the mind to move or bend objects just using mental energy and 7% had personally seen someone moving or bending an object using mental energy.
There is another type of Psychokinesis called “Poltergeist activity“, which is done by the people who are not consciously intended. Some believe that Poltergeist activity is the activity done by some spirit in a particular person. But it is generally accepted as the psychic manifestations of a person who undergo stress, anxiety or emotional turmoil.
William G. Roll, a noted psychologist and parapsychologist, coined the term “recurrent spontaneous psychokinesis” (RSPK) for this type of activity.
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The ability of mind to manipulate air molecules and create wind in the desired direction.
The ability of mind to control and extinguish a fire and in advanced stages, even creating a fire.
The ability to manipulate weather conditions using mind power.
The ability of the mind to manipulate the perception of time or time itself.
The ability to manipulate, create and destroy ice using mind.
The ability to manipulate and generate electricity by charging atoms and particles by just using mind.
An ability to control and manipulate the movement and structure of water using mind.
Also called Terrakinesis or Earth bending is the ability of mind to manipulate earthly objects such as stones, rocks, sand, etc.
An ability of mind to control and absorb light.
The ability of mind to control machines without touching them.
Also called Stochokinesis/Stochastokinesis is the ability of mind to manipulate luck or probability by altering stochastic fields.
Ability to make an object or self rising in the air without support
Ability to disappear and appear elsewhere.
Ability to control and reprogram ones genes or cells.
Other alleged psychokinetic abilities include supernatural healing at a distance, energy shields and influencing events, which can be explained by simple explanations.
Though many scientists and researchers do not agree with the psychokinesis, many parapsychologists believe it to be true and proved when certain conditions met. Even though laboratory tests disproved PK, large number of people believe that it can be achieved by using the power of mind.
Even Quantum physics has clarified the role of consciousness and reality. There are many studies and experiments which show they are inter-related and one of them is psychokinesis. It encompasses the action of mind over matter.
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